Although everyone's situation is unique, the various forms of anxiety disorder generally fall into one of these categories:
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder
- Specific Phobias
- Obesssive Compulsive Disorder
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
Often, psychopharmacological treatments are encouraged too early in a patient's treatment; it is safer to first make use of the many forms of drug-free therapy available. Specific, empirically valid psychological treatments have been shown to be as effective (and in some cases more effective) over the long term. The downside is that they require more effort.
Behavior therapy, for example, involves exposure to the fear stimuli in small, manageable steps.
Cognitive Behavior therapy involves managing the thoughts and interpretations of perceptions that trigger the anxious emotional reactions.